Motivation Analysis vs. Psychodynamics in .NET Creator barcode 3/9 in .NET Motivation Analysis vs. Psychodynamics

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Motivation Analysis vs. Psychodynamics using barcode encoding for .net framework control to generate, create code39 image in .net framework applications. PDF-417 2d barcode Here are the points VS .NET barcode 3/9 I would make in favor of motivational versus psychodynamic explanations of orderliness and disorderliness. 1.

Orderliness Is Not a Mild Form of OCD. Psychodynamic theorists say that orderliness is a mild form of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD; Cameron,. The Normal Personality 1963; Fenichel, 1945 .NET Code-39 ), which is an anxiety disorder. Yet researchers have found that OCD is actually associated with many personality traits and personality disorders (Claridge & Davis, 2003; Dolan-Sewell, Krueger, & Shea, 2001; Pfohl, 1996).

Researchers have found little overlap between orderliness as a personality trait and compulsiveness as a symptom of OCD (e.g., Claridge & Davis, 2003).

I suspect that orderliness is caused by normal variations in the universal need for structure, whereas OCD is caused by unknown abnormal, psychopathological factors. 2. Anger Does Not Motivate Disorderliness.

Many therapists assume that disorganized people are angry because they leave messes for others to clean up or show up late for appointments, making others wait. This analysis erroneously assumes that disorganized people want their messes cleaned up. Disorganized people want organized people to lighten up and stop organizing, they want organized people to enjoy a lived in room.

Therapists are taught that if a patient makes them angry, the patient must be angry. I reject this unsubstantiated principle of psychotherapy. I think patients make therapists angry when they express values that contradict the therapists values.

3. Annoyance Is a Two-Way Process. Not only do the habits of disorganized people annoy organized people, but vice versa.

The fact of the matter is that organized and disorganized people hold opposite values disorganized people annoy organized people when they leave a mess, and organized people annoy disorganized people when they pay attention to trivia. The anger in these examples arises from a con ict of values (order versus spontaneity), not from anal eroticism, reaction formations, psychopathology, and the like. The anger is not present until after one person has behaved inconsistently with the other s values.

4. Fear of Criticism Does Not Motivate Orderliness. Some therapists might suppose that orderly people are conformists to avoid criticism, rejection, or punishment from authority gures (Millon & Davis, 2000, p.

175). If this analysis were valid, however, organized people would give inconsistent effort. People who fear failure and criticism hold back effort because failure and criticism hurt less when we do not try.

Since organized people do not hold back effort, I suspect they are no more afraid of being criticized than is the average person. Motivation analysis implies that a need for order/stability/structure, not fear of criticism, motivates orderly behavior. 5.

The Anal Character Is Not Valid. Psychodynamic theorists have suggested the construct of an anal character (e.g.

, Fenichel, 1945, p. 278). They say that during toilet training some children react to parental demands with orderliness (motivated by anal eroticism), frugality (motivated by anal retention), and obstinacy (motivated by anal sadism).

In contrast, I say that orderliness, frugality, and. Motivation Analysis obstinacy are not as 3 of 9 for .NET strongly related traits as Freud claimed. Maggi, for example, is orderly but not frugal.

According to motivation analysis (see 3), orderliness is motivated by an intrinsic valuation of structure and may have evolutionary links to cleaning rituals; frugality is motivated by an intrinsic valuation of collecting and may have evolutionary links to hoarding instincts; and obstinacy is motivated by an intrinsic valuation of individuality (autonomy) and may have evolutionary links to animal instincts to leave the nest and strike out on one s own. Perhaps these traits covary in OCD, but not in the normal personality. Freud s anal character is much less valid than experts have realized.

Many organized people are spenders; many disorganized people are savers; and as Maggi would quickly tell you, I am much more stubborn than she is even though Freud would have predicted it the other way around. 6. Mastery Does Not Motivate Orderliness.

Psychodynamic theorists have suggested that mastery motivates orderliness (Fenichel, 1945). They say that a child gains a sense of accomplishment by learning to go at socially appropriate places and times. This may be, but there is little connection between achievement motivation and orderliness.

According to motivation analysis (see s 3 and 6), mastery is motivated by intrinsic valuations of competence and in uence of will. In contrast, orderliness is motivated by an intrinsic valuation of structure. There is little relationship between orderliness and achievement motivation: Some people with a high need for achievement are organized and others are disorganized.

I have very high achievement motivation, for example, and yet I am disorganized. Predicting Behavior in Natural Environments Motivation analysis excels when it comes to predicting how people will behave in the real world. Suppose Mr.

Smith s 2-year-old, Joey, is smearing feces and rebelling over potty training. Even Freudian theorists admit that nobody can predict that Joey will be disorganized when he is an adult. Freudians admit that knowing how someone was toilet trained is not a suf cient basis for predicting adult personality traits because many other factors are involved.

Now suppose that Smith mentions to you that he loves spontaneity and values exibility. I say you can bet your house that Smith is disorganized. If you want to understand and predict traits such as organized versus disorganized and could ask only one question, ask how much the person enjoys spontaneity, not what happened when the individual was toilet trained.

If you know what motivates someone, you can predict how the individual will behave. If a woman tells you she loves spontaneity, for example, you can predict that she dislikes making plans; tends to walk into situations with minimal preparation; overlooks details; and may tend to be sloppy. She may not show all.

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